1 2 3 4

Ruth 4 – Skeptic's Annotated Bible answered

A response and reply to the notes on Ruth 4 in the Skeptic's Annotated Bible (SAB).

King James Version

SAB comment

My comment

1 Then went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there: and, behold, the kinsman of whom Boaz spake came by; unto whom he said, Ho, such a one! turn aside, sit down here. And he turned aside, and sat down.

2 And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And they sat down.

3 And he said unto the kinsman, Naomi, that is come again out of the country of Moab, selleth a parcel of land, which was our brother Elimelech’s:

4 And I thought to advertise thee, saying, Buy it before the inhabitants, and before the elders of my people. If thou wilt redeem it, redeem it: but if thou wilt not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know: for there is none to redeem it beside thee; and I am after thee. And he said, I will redeem it.

5 Then said Boaz, What day thou buyest the field of the hand of Naomi, thou must buy it also of Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance.

6 And the kinsman said, I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I mar mine own inheritance: redeem thou my right to thyself; for I cannot redeem it.

7 Now this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and concerning changing, for to confirm all things; a man plucked off his shoe, and gave it to his neighbour: and this was a testimony in Israel.

8 Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for thee. So he drew off his shoe.

9 And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people, Ye are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech’s, and all that was Chilion’s and Mahlon’s, of the hand of Naomi.

10 Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his brethren, and from the gate of his place: ye are witnesses this day.

Boaz purchases Ruth to be his wife.
In this case, in a sense, yes. But to read here she was sold, no. The property of Elimelech belonged to Naomi. But Naomi was forced to sell the land, verse 3. But the condition of Naomi was that the buyer would marry her daughter, which Boaz shrewdly only explains later verse 5. So the first person with the right to buy it, the redeemer, does not want to continue with this transaction upon this condition. But Boaz does. And that is what he affirms here: that he will buy the land and he publicly states that he will marry her daughter, a foreigner, the Moabitess.
When Naomi proposed this plan to Ruth, chapter 3:1-4, Ruth agreed, verse 5.

11 And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, We are witnesses. The LORD make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel: and do thou worthily in Ephratah, and be famous in Bethlehem:

12 And let thy house be like the house of Pharez, whom Tamar bare unto Judah, of the seed which the LORD shall give thee of this young woman.

13 So Boaz took Ruth, and she was his wife: and when he went in unto her, the LORD gave her conception, and she bare a son.

Boaz "went in unto her [Ruth]" and "the Lord gave her conception, and she bare a son."
Ii wonder what family value are assaulted here.

14 And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be the LORD, which hath not left thee this day without a kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel.

15 And he shall be unto thee a restorer of thy life, and a nourisher of thine old age: for thy daughter in law, which loveth thee, which is better to thee than seven sons, hath born him.

16 And Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse unto it.

"And Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse unto it."
In the first chapter of Ruth (1:11), Naomi is too old to conceive, but now, in the fourth chapter, she functions as a wet nurse.
Naomi did not act as a wet nurse. The Hebrew word `aman has a variety of meanings, but none of them is breastfeeding. As John Gill succinctly explains:

after the mother had suckled and weaned it, then she took it from her, and brought it up.

17 And the women her neighbours gave it a name, saying, There is a son born to Naomi; and they called his name Obed: he is the father of Jesse, the father of David.

Ruth, the grandmother of King David, was a Moabite (Ruth 1:4). But according to Dt.23:3, no Moabite will "enter into the congregation of the Lord; even to the tenth generation."
Has any Moabite ever entered the congregation of the Lord?

18 Now these are the generations of Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron,

19 And Hezron begat Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab,

20 And Amminadab begat Nahshon, and Nahshon begat Salmon,

21 And Salmon begat Boaz, and Boaz begat Obed,

22 And Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat David.