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Luke 4 – Skeptic's Annotated Bible answered

A response and reply to the notes on Luke 4 in the Skeptic's Annotated Bible (SAB).

King James Version

SAB comment

My comment

1 And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness,

2 Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered.

3 And the devil said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, command this stone that it be made bread.

4 And Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.

5 And the devil, taking him up into an high mountain, shewed unto him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time.

"The devil, taking him up into an high mountain, shewed unto him all the kingdoms of the world."
The devil takes Jesus to the top of a mountain and shows him "all the kingdoms of the world." (The earth was flat in those days.)
Even in antiquity people knew the earth was round. On this verse, see Matthew 4:8.

6 And the devil said unto him, All this power will I give thee, and the glory of them: for that is delivered unto me; and to whomsoever I will I give it.

7 If thou therefore wilt worship me, all shall be thine.

8 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.

"Him only shalt thou serve."
Jesus misquotes Deuteronomy by adding "only" to Dt.6:13.

9 And he brought him to Jerusalem, and set him on a pinnacle of the temple, and said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down from hence:

10 For it is written, He shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee:

11 And in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.

12 And Jesus answering said unto him, It is said, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.

"Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God."
Can God be tempted?
Is it OK to test (or tempt) God?

13 And when the devil had ended all the temptation, he departed from him for a season.

14 And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about.

15 And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all.

16 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read.

17 And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written,

18 The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,

(4:16-20) "The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me."
These words were spoken by Isaiah and referred to Isaiah. They were not a prophecy about a future prophet, as Jesus claims here, where he supposedly read these verses in the synagogue while applying them to himself.
But the verses that Jesus read are not the same as those in Isaiah 61:1-2, which says: "The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn."
Did Jesus add the part about the blind and bruised to the verses he read from Isaiah? Or did Luke add them later?
Jesus indeed cites Is. 61:1-2 here. The claim by the author of the SAB that Isaiah spoke here about himself is a claim found in the Targum. But other Jewish writers such as Kimchi say that it is the Messiah speaking. And the beginning of the verse makes it clear: “The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me.” This was fulfilled in Jesus as we read in verse 1, verse 14, and Matthew 3:16.
On if Jesus added words, Isaiah has “and the opening of the prison to them that are bound;” while Luke has “and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised.” There is a difference, but we have to note that either Jesus might not have read the Hebrew Bible, but the Septuagint or else Luke quotes from the Septuagint. And the Septuagint reads “recovery of sight to the blind.” We also find this passage in Is. 42:7.
That leaves us with Luke's addition of “set at liberty them that are bruised.” It is unlikely Jesus read just two verses of Isaiah. At that time Isaiah didn't even have chapter numbers, let alone verse number. So Christ probably read a certain portion of Isaiah. So Luke paraphrases here, perhaps just summarizing the main themes and texts Jesus addressed. We find the inserted sentence in the Septuagint version of Is. 58:6 as “set the bruised free.”

19 To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.

20 And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him.

21 And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.

22 And all bare him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, Is not this Joseph’s son?

23 And he said unto them, Ye will surely say unto me this proverb, Physician, heal thyself: whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country.

24 And he said, Verily I say unto you, No prophet is accepted in his own country.

25 But I tell you of a truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great famine was throughout all the land;

26 But unto none of them was Elias sent, save unto Sarepta, a city of Sidon, unto a woman that was a widow.

27 And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Eliseus the prophet; and none of them was cleansed, saving Naaman the Syrian.

28 And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath,

29 And rose up, and thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might cast him down headlong.

30 But he passing through the midst of them went his way,

31 And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days.

32 And they were astonished at his doctrine: for his word was with power.

33 And in the synagogue there was a man, which had a spirit of an unclean devil, and cried out with a loud voice,

34 Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art; the Holy One of God.

35 And Jesus rebuked him, saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of him. And when the devil had thrown him in the midst, he came out of him, and hurt him not.

36 And they were all amazed, and spake among themselves, saying, What a word is this! for with authority and power he commandeth the unclean spirits, and they come out.

37 And the fame of him went out into every place of the country round about.

38 And he arose out of the synagogue, and entered into Simon’s house. And Simon’s wife’s mother was taken with a great fever; and they besought him for her.

Peter, who Catholics consider the first pope, was married. [Though he later abandoned his wife and family to follow Jesus.(5:11)]
The author of the SAB is quite right here. Peter was married. The Roman Catholics opposition to marriage for priests does not rest on any Biblical command.
The author of the SAB also claims that Peter abandoned his wife, see chapter 5:11.

39 And he stood over her, and rebuked the fever; and it left her: and immediately she arose and ministered unto them.

40 Now when the sun was setting, all they that had any sick with divers diseases brought them unto him; and he laid his hands on every one of them, and healed them.

41 And devils also came out of many, crying out, and saying, Thou art Christ the Son of God. And he rebuking them suffered them not to speak: for they knew that he was Christ.

"Devils also came out of many, crying out, and saying, Thou art Christ the Son of God."
Devils crawl out of people proclaiming that Jesus is "Christ the Son of God." According to 1 Jn.4:2, 15, these devils were "of God."
What a nonsense, see 1 John 4:2.

42 And when it was day, he departed and went into a desert place: and the people sought him, and came unto him, and stayed him, that he should not depart from them.

43 And he said unto them, I must preach the kingdom of God to other cities also: for therefore am I sent.

44 And he preached in the synagogues of Galilee.